Cabrio
Tandem/Trike

Cabrio

Tandem/Trike

Cabrio

The Cabrio is a wing dedicated for carrying considerable loads. It's ideal for two-seater trikes, but equally well functions as one-seater trike wing and a foot launched PPG tandem. It's a tandem wing both for professionals and leisure pilots. The Cabrio features easy launch, precise steering and highest level of passive safety, while retaining glide ratio of single-seaters.

Cabrio

beginner

intermediate

professional

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Design and purpose

The Cabrio is our first design originally dedicated for paramotor tandems, especially heavier two-seater trikes (PPGG).

Earlier we were simply adjusting already existing wings for heavier loads, resulting in “Cabrio” versions of the original designs. Now, seeing the ever growing number of paramotor tandem enthusiasts, we’ve created the real CABRIO – not an add-on for other designs, but a truly uncompromising paraglider, from the onset created to fulfill specific needs of the PL2 pilots.

The outline of the Cabrio is similar to our regular tandem paraglider, the Orca 4. Strengthened structure and rigging allow for optimal load distribution along the entire wingspan.

The FlexiEdge stiffeners, inner reinforcements and mini-ribs make sure the profile is exactly reproduced and stabilized. Mini-ribs on the trailing edge also allow it to be slender and reduce ballooning, thus significantly improving the airflow.
Based on the DRA (Dudek Reflex Airfoil) technology, the Cabrio aerodynamic profile is additionally equipped with shark-nose, thanks to which the pressure inside the canopy is higher and more stable over a wide speed range.

Variable profile geometry managed by trimmers allows you to adjust the profile to the current flight status, so that you can have a slow wing with much of lift during takeoff and landing, while enjoying good speed and stability in accelerated flight.
During launch the Cabrio fills up very well and rises with no tendency to fall behind or overtake the pilot. Thanks to the use of an additional delta on the “A” risers (a feature known from our earlier designs, including Nucleon Cabrio), pilot has the option of connecting assisting tapes or lines for the launch, so that only the main control handles remain in his hands, facilitatings full control over the wing.
The entire launch procedure is done over short distance, at slow speed and does not require much power.
The dual control system used in Cabrio is well known from our previous models. The wing is equipped with both main control and small TST handles, mainly used in accelerated flight (open trimmers). Such a system makes it easier for the pilot to control the wing and increases the effectiveness of turning without putting a lot of effort into it. TST lines pass through the TEA cleats, so it is possible to counteract the turning moment of the propeller (through earlier tying a knot at the appropriate height on the TST line, blocking it in the cleat slit). By using the trim system, the pilot can accurately control speed and. On the landing approach a relatively small pull of the brakes is enough to considerably reduce speed and land smoothly.

Our efforts of developing the new Cabrio resulted in a coherent and stable structure offering much lift. All parameters are combined so as to maintain the right proportions of passive safety, performance, ease and precision of control.
In turbulence, the wing behaves predictably and confidently, absorbing both fore and aft or side to side swinging.
Ultimately, the Cabrio will be available in four sizes to meet all expectations of the PPG and PPGG market as of size selection.

Due to very diverse systems of connection, control and trimmers operation existing in PPGG, it is possible to order extended control lines to adapt the wing to specific requirements. However, it should be remembered that using non-standard regulations and adjustments is a personal responsibility of the pilot.

Design solutions

  • The canopy has been designed in our CSG system (Canopy Shape Guard), which consists of several subsystems guaranteeing exceptional coherence of the canopy shape and its extended durability.
  • Adjustable reflex airfoil of the paraglider is based on our flagship DRA concept (Dudek Reflex Airfoil), duly optimized using special CFD software.
  • The intakes of Shark-nose technology give better glide ratio, greater resistance to stalling (e.g. when circling in thermals) and frontal collapses at high speeds.
  • The Cabrio is made with the Flexi-Egde technology – the precise shape of the leading edge is kept with laminated cloth reinforcements, incorporating synthetic rods.

Careful selection of modern fabrics and design solutions brings about maximum reliability, strength and durability. All materials come from numbered production batches, and each production step can be verified down to identification of specific worker and controller.

The Cabrio is manufactured in technology utilizing precision of the laser cutter. All stages of production process take place in Poland under strict supervision of the designer himself, thus ensuring highest European quality.

Design solutions, technologies and other functionalities are listed below in the Technologies section.

 

Construction solutions

Technologies, concepts
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SN - Shark-nose

Airtakes designed and executed in Shark-nose technology meaning specific, concave shape of the reinforced profile area at its leading edge (the name comes form the very shape, reminding shark’s nose).

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DRA - Dudek Reflex Airfoil

DRA – Dudek Reflex Airfoil -applied in PPG wings fully autostabilised arofoil, based on long years of research and experience. In our variant we managed to get rid of typical flaws associated with these aerofoils.

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CSG - Canopy Shape Guard

CSG – Canopy Shape Guard – is our unique system controlling canopy coherence. It is because of this system that our wings are equally tensioned, smooth, stable and… simply remarkable.

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LR - Laser Technology

Capabilities of the laser cutter allow for serial cutting of complicated shape narrow elements in large numbers, their optimal placing in relation to structure of the textile and highest possible precision of cut.

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FET - Flexi Edge Technology

The leading edge is closed to the airflow, and its precise shape is kept with laminated cloth reinforcements, incorporating synthetic rods. The rods make the leading edge stiffer and smoother, bringing improvements in many areas – from easier inflation, through stiffening the canopy in flight to improved general airflow.

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MR - Mini-Ribs

Mini ribs speak for themselves – they are additionally introduced in the trailing edge between main ribs. Their task is to decrease ballooning (expanding and deformation of the cells) in this vital area af the aerofoil.

Keeping the rear part in shape reduces the drag induced behind trailing edge, thus improving general airflow and increasing airspeed.

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ACS - Auto Cleaning Slots

Dedicated slots automatically removing dirt from the wing tips.

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Risers functionality

Used solutions
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TCT - Triple Comfort Toggle

An easy conversion from hard through medium to soft brake handles. Equippped with a swivel adn Easy Keeper.
Available standard (bigger) and short (smaller) versions.

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EK - Easy Keeper

Indigenous way to hold the brake handles at the risers that keeps them firmly in place, while both attaching and releasing goes smoothly and easily. Used in most of our handles (TCT, ACT, SCT).

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NP - Napy

Metal clasps for attaching the brakes to the risers.

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TR - Trimmers

A trimming system for additional angle of attack regulation. Used mainly in PPG wings.
This system features replaceable trim straps. After prolonged or intensive operation they need to be replaced, as they get damaged by buckle edges.

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TST - Tip Steering Toggles

Our original idea, featuring additional miniature handles that steer the stabilizers. It is a great improvement on long flights, when opened trimmers and full speedbar make steering much harder.

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ELR - Easy Launch Riser

Split ‘A’ riser makes for easier launch and ‘big ears’.

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Colours up to 15.08.2021

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Colours NEW

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Parameters

Weight ranges

TECHNICAL DATA

Name – size
Cabrio 30 Cabrio 34 Cabrio 38 Cabrio 42
Approval – ULM identification yes yes yes yes
Number of cells 53 53 53 53
Wing area flat [m2] 30.00  34.00  38.00 42.00
Wing area projected [m2] 25.51  28.91  32,44 35,71
Wingspan flat [m] 12.73 13,55 14,32 15,06
Wingspan projected [m] 10.12 10,78 11,39 11,98
Aspect ratio flat  5.4
Aspect ratio projected  4.0
Sink rate [m/s]   min = 1.6; (+/- 0.2 m/s)
Speed* [km/h]   min = 32, trim = 46; max = 59 (+/- 5 km/h)*
Canopy weight [kg] 6.45  7.07  7.57 8.17
Take-off weight** [kg] 110-300**  130-350**  160-400** 210-475**
Max take-off weight – for experienced*** [kg] 350*** 400*** 450*** 500***
Distance between risers [cm] 60 60 60 60
Load test [kg] 511 kg at 5.25 G
Lines   Edelrid A-8000U: 050 / 7343: 90; 140; 190; 280; 340 Liros: PPSL 350
Cloth Porcher Sport 38 g/m2
Porcher Everlast 42 g/m2
Dominico Tex 34 g/m2
Porcher Hard Finish 40 g/m2
SR-Scrim, SR Laminate 180 g/m2

* Speeds are given as estimated for the middle wing size and the middle of its weight range. These speeds can vary within +/- 5 km / h depending on the size, take-off weight and additional factors such as air pressure and temperature.

** The basic rule is to choose the size of the wing so that the take-off weight is in the middle of the weight range. Less weight on the wing (lower range take-off weight) can be considered for foot take-off, when flying in calmer conditions, or when we want to improve economy. More experienced pilots who want to fly dynamically, have higher speed and fly in more demanding wind conditions can consider greater wing loading (take-off weight in the upper range). This is a common option among trike users.

*** Note – the canopy significantly changes its behavior with increasing wing loading. The greater the loads, the greater skill and concentration of the pilot are required.